Fruit Trees - Prune all fruit trees especially peach and apple. Peach trees need 1/3 of their growth removed to promote large fruit.
- Prune out and discard the old floricanes during the dormant
season. It will be obvious which canes are the dead floricanes.
During the winter, prune the laterals to 12 to 14 inches for easier
harvesting and larger berries.
- Annual pruning must be severe to keep new fruiting wood coming
and to prevent vines from becoming tangled masses of
- The strawberry patch needs vigorous thinning to about 1 plant for
every square foot to promote large berries. Once the plants are
thinned out, use pine needles to mulch heavily. The plants will
grow through the mulch.
Strawberries - In late winter of the second and subsequent years, broadcast 4 pounds of 10-10-10 fertilizer over the bed.
Plums - Begin dormant pruning after February 1 to reduce bacterial canker
Gardenias - A good time to feed gardenias is mid-March, using an acid plant food,
fish emulsion or blood meal.
Camellias - Camellias require very little pruning except for the removal of damaged
branches and long shoots that detract from the attractive form of the
shrub. Cutting back severely (no leaves left) can be done safely from
Valentine's Day to around May 1. Cutting out the dead and weak stems
can be done anytime.
- Need high acid fertilizer, same as for the Azaleas. Use Caution:
Blueberries are easily damaged by excess fertilizer. Apply the
recommended amount and allow 4 inches of rain or an equivalent amount
of irrigation between applications.
Bearing Plants: When growth begins in the spring, apply 1 cup of a complete fertilizer such as 10-10-
10 within a circle 3 feet from each plant. For more vigorous growth, sidedress with a quarter-cup of
ammonium nitrate at six-week intervals, but stop fertilizing after July 1. On mature bushes, 6 to 12
inches of new growth is adequate. Any additional growth must be pruned away to keep the plants
from becoming excessively large and resulting in a loss in production. Judge the sidedressing
requirement on the amount of shoot growth and leaf color.
Blackberries - Fertilize blackberries in early spring when growth
and again just after harvest. A complete rtilizer such as 10-10-10
is satisfactory. Apply at the rate of 5 pounds per 100 feet of row. A
pint of fertilizer weighs about 1 pound.
Plums - Apply 1 cup of 10-10-10 for each year of tree age to a maximum of 12
cups for mature trees.
Muscadine - Apply 3 to 5 pounds of 10-10-10 or equivalent per plant in March of each year.
- On 2-year-old vines, double the first year rate and use the same
intervals. Bearing vines will need 21⁄2 pounds of 10-10-10 per plant
applied in March. If growth is poor on producing vines, apply 1 pounds
of 10-10-10 per plant in May. Foliar magnesium deficiency may become
noticeable in midsummer.
This deficiency is characterized by a yellowing between the leaf veins on the older grape leaves. If
the soil pH is sufficiently low to warrant liming, use dolomitic lime to help prevent magnesium
deficiency in future years. Otherwise, magnesium sulfate (Epsom salts) should be applied and watered
in. For young plants, apply 2 ounces around each vine, keeping the salts away from the trunk 6 or
more inches. Apply 4 to 8 ounces per mature bearing vine. It may require two to three years of
magnesium application to bring the level up for the best plant performance.
- Azaleas do not have to be routinely fertilized during the growing
season. Any fertilizer application should be based on their appearance,
such as leaf color, growth rate, soil test results and yourobjectives,
such as encouraging growth or
correcting a mineral deficiency.
Gardenias - Feed the shrubs again in late June to encourage extra flowers on
everbloomers or faster growth of young shrubs.
Muscadines - Apply 1⁄2 pound of ammonium nitrate around the
first of June.
Plums - Apply 1 cup of calcium nitrate or ammonium nitrate (equivalent) per
tree per year of tree age to a maximum of 6 cups for mature trees.
Strawberries - A topdress application of ammonium nitrate (33-0-
0) at 11⁄2 pounds per 100 feet of row should be made
from mid-August to mid-September.