105 - Plant Guide

Oxydendrum arboreum Sourwood, Sorrel-Tree 

Sourwood usually grows as a pyramid or narrow oval with a more or less straight trunk at a height of 25 to 35 feet but can reach 50 to 60 feet tall with a spread of 25 to 30 feet.  Occasionally young specimens have a more open spreading habit reminiscent of Redbud.  Leaves are dark, lustrous green and appear to weep or hang from the twigs.  Branches droop toward the ground forming a graceful outline when planted as a single specimen.  The branching pattern and persistent fruit make the tree interesting in the winter.  The mid- to late-summer flowers are borne in terminal clusters of racemes which curve upward, creating a graceful effect at flowering time.  The fall color is a striking red and orange which is rivaled by only a few other trees such as Blackgum, Chinese Pistache, the pears, and Chinese Tallowtree.  There are few sights that are as striking as a row of Sourwood in fall color.

Liquidambar styraciflua Sweetgum 

Sweetgum grows in a narrow pyramid to a height of 75 feet and may spread to 50 feet.  The beautifully glossy, star-shaped leaves turn bright red, purple, yellow or orange in the fall (USDA hardiness zones 6 and 7) and early winter (USDA hardiness zones 8 and 9).  On some trees, particularly in the northern part of its range, branches are covered with characteristic corky projections.  The trunk is normally straight and does not divide into double or multiple leaders and side branches are small in diameter on young trees, creating a pyramidal form.  The bark becomes deeply ridged at about 25-years-old.  Sweetgum makes a nice conical park, campus or residential shade tree for large properties when it is young, developing a more oval or rounded canopy as it grows older as several branches become dominant and grow in diameter.  

Quercus prinus Chestnut Oak

Chestnut Oak is a deciduous, native tree which reaches 50 to 60 feet in height with an equal spread when grown in the open.  It is capable of reaching to 100 feet in the woods.  The glossy, green, four to eight-inch-long by 1.5 to 3-inch-wide leaves turn to yellow-brown or red-brown in fall before dropping.  The large, 1.5-inch-long acorns which fall in October are particularly sweet-tasting, and are relished by many forms of wildlife, such as the grey squirrel, black bear, and white-tailed deer.  The attractive dark brown to black bark is deeply ridged and furrowe

Liriodendron tulipifera Tuliptree, Tulip-Poplar, Yellow-Poplar 

Tuliptree grows 80 to 100 feet tall and maintains a fairly narrow oval crown, even as it grows older.  Trunks become massive in old age, becoming deeply furrowed with thick bark.  The tree maintains a straight trunk and generally does not form double or multiple leaders.  Older trees have several large-diameter major limbs in the top half of the crown.  Tuliptree has a moderate to rapid (on good sites) growth rate at first but slows down with age.  The soft wood reportedly is subject to storm damage but the trees held up remarkably well in the south during hurricane `Hugo'.  It is probably stronger than given credit for.  The largest trees in the east are in the  Joyce Kilmer Forest in NC, some reaching more than 150 feet with seven-foot diameter trunks.  The fall color is gold to yellow being more pronounced in the northern part of its range.  The scented, tulip-like, greenish-yellow flowers appear in mid-spring but are not as ornamental as those of other flowering trees







Fig Tree

Grape Vine

Muscadine Vine

Kiwi Vine

Black Raspberry Bushes

Blueberry Bushes

Apple Tree

Peach Tree

Plum Tree

Elephant Ears (Colocasia esculenta)